Treatment of Terminal Ileitis in Ayurveda

Introduction

Terminal Ileitis is considered as a chronic inflammatory disease that affects very end of the small intestine (terminal ileum), the part of the small intestine closest to the colon, making it narrow. This disease starts with the formation of ulcers in the small and large intestines. Terminal ileitis is generally caused by interactions between environmental, immunological and bacterial factors in genetically susceptible individuals. As a result, there is a formation of inflammatory disorder, where the immune system of the body attacks the gastrointestinal tract possibly directed at microbial antigens.

Many people with terminal ileitis have symptoms for years prior to the diagnosis. There are chronic recurring periods of flare-ups and remission. Various conditions such as ulcerative colitis,  intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, infectious diseases etc.  may be related to terminal ileitis but it commonly referred to as crohn’s disease. To a correct therapeutic approach, it is necessary to understand the causes of this inflammation process.

Terminal ilelitis is a non-specific inflammation of the terminal portion of the ileum which sometimes spreads to the cecum causes ulceration of the intestinal mucosa, thickening and retraction of the intestinal wall. The diagnosis is based on the exclusion of the specific infective process in the ileum such as ileo-cecal tuberculosis and actinomycosis.

What are the Symptoms of Terminal Ileitis ?

The signs and symptoms of terminal ileitis can range from mild to severe. They usually develop gradually but sometimes will come on suddenly without any warning.

Symptoms-and-Treatment-Terminal-Ileitis

The Signs and Symptoms Include :-

  • Diarrhoea
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Blood in the stool
  • Mouth sores
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss

What are the Causes of Terminal Ileitis ?

It makes no difference whether it is triggered by an auto-immune reaction against the cells of intestinal mucosa, the failure of the inherent defence against enterbacteria or an inflammation caused by specific viruses or bacteria.

According to Ayurveda, improper lifestyle is the main reason behind the development of terminal ileitis. Toxins known as “Ama” in Ayurveda accumulate in the gastrointestinal tract due to wrong eating habits. In addition, stress and unstable nervous system aggravate the disease.

Ayurvedic treatment involves the elimination of toxins as well as balancing of daily nutrition. In this disease, it is important to bring all natural regulatory principles back into harmony.

Treatment of Terminal Ileitis

Ayurvedic Treatment for Terminal Ileitis involves the following steps:-

  • Agni deepana (stimulation of appetite)
  • Digestive pachana medicines (formulations that directly digest ama)
  • Grahi (digestive and retain food-formulations)
  • Vrana ropana (healing of ulcers by drugs and formulations with wound healing properties)
  • Stambhana (ayurvedic formulations that stop the movement of elimination, when there is bloody diarrhoea with normal appetite).

The way in which Terminal Ileitis disturbs the digestion and absorption processes is:-

  • The inflammation reduces the absorption of Vitamin B12 and other bile salts. Inflammation of the small intestine impairs the absorption of all the necessary food nutrients. Inflammation of the intestine impairs water absorption causing diarrhoea.

Over the long term, reduced absorption of food nutrients can cause a number of problems like:-

  • Weight loss
  • Anaemia
  • Impaired growth and development in children

Planet Ayurveda offers herbal remedies that cures the condition by using herbs, control the inflammation and corrects the abnormal response of the immune system. These herbal remedies by Planet Ayurveda help in the natural repair of the damaged tissues.

Herbal Remedies for Terminal Ileitis

1. Kutajghan Vati

Kutajghan Vati has anti-diarrheal, anti-dynsentric, haemostatic and anti-amoebic action. It is highly beneficial in diarrhoea, intestinal infections, dysentery and bleeding disorders. It provides good relief in chronic diarrhoea as well as in terminal ileitis. It reduces ‘ama’ or toxins formation, mucus content in stool and also checks bleeding.

Dosage: 1-2 tablets twice daily.

2. Belgiri Churan

Belgiri Churan of Planet Ayurveda is prepared from bael – Aegle marmelos. This fruit is known as Bael in Hindi. This fruit is rich in the nutritional fibre known as pectin. It provides relief from the inflammation, pain, ulceration and many other gastro-intestinal problems. This churan works wonderfully against diarrhoea, dysentery, ulcerative colitis, terminal ileitis etc. This fruit also possesses immunomodulatory properties.

Dosage: 1-2 teaspoonful daily.

3. Pitta Balance Capsules

Digestion, metabolism, formation of new cells in the body are controlled by the digestive fire in the body known as Pitta. In terminal ileitis, there is an imbalance of pitta dosha in the body. To pacify Pitta dosha, Planet Ayruveda has manufactured Pitta Balance capsules that help in balancing Pitta dosha in the body. It is a combination of cooling compounds, natural calcium compounds to restore the pitta imbalance quickly.

Pitta Balance Capsules of Planet Ayurveda Consists of the Following Ingredients:

  • Praval Pishti (Coral Calcium) – 125 mg
  • Akik Pishti (Agate Calcium) – 125 mg
  • Jahar mohra pishti (An Ayurvedic Calcium compound) – 125 mg
  • Kamdudha Ras (An Ayurvedic Calcium compound) – 125mg
  • Giloy satva (Tinospora cordifolia) – 125 mg

Dosage: 1-2 capsules twice daily.

4. Vasaka Capsules

The herb Vasaka is known as Malabar nut tree. This herb possesses anti-bacterial, abortifacient, anti-dyspesia and wound relieving properties. The bark, root, leaves, fruits and flowers are useful in the removal of intestinal parasites. The juice prepared from its leaves are useful in relieving diarrhoea and dysentery. It is considered as a cooling herb and is very useful in stopping blood in the stools. This herb balances Pitta and Kapha doshas in the body. Of all the herbs which are used in bleeding disorders, Vasaka herb is the best.

Dosage: 1-2 capsules twice daily.

Diet :-

  • Include buttermilk with curry leaves regularly in your diet.
  • Avoid spicy foods, alcohol and smoking.
  • Avoid fatty and fibre rich foods as people with terminal ileitis have a narrowed small intestine, they need to eat a low fibre diet.
  • Avoid using painkillers on your own.
  • Drink water boiled with carminative herbs.
  • Include pomegranate juice and coconut water in the diet.
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Dr. Vikram Chauhan
Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD-Ayurvedic Medicine) is an expert Ayurveda consultant in Chandigarh (India). He has vast experience of herbs and their applied uses. He has successfully treated numerous patients suffering from various ailments, throughout the world. He is CEO and Founder of Krishna Herbal Company and Planet Ayurveda in Chandigarh, India. He researched age old formulas from ancient Ayurvedic text books to restore health and save human beings from the worst side-effects of chemical based treatments.