Ayurvedic Treatment of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
The liver is the engine of the body. It plays a major role in Digestion, maintenance of metabolic functions and detoxification of various exogenous and endogenous encounters /articles like antibiotics, infections, medication, chronic alcoholism and much more. Numerous homeostatic mechanisms get affected if the liver gets diseased. As per Ayurveda, the liver is the site of Ranjhak pitta. It receives the Rasa dhatu (clear plasma) and converts it into Rakta dhatu (blood). In order to manage it naturally, you need to adopt a more conventional way of healing.
Drinking excessive alcohol causes the deposition of fat in the liver. This leads to scarring of liver tissue, known as cirrhosis. With the increase in the scarring of the liver tissue, liver functions decrease. But fatty tissue also builds up even if one doesn’t drink or drinks a little alcohol. This is known as Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This can also lead to cirrhosis.
Causes of NAFLD
The exact cause of this condition is not known. Still, numerous health problems appear to promote the deposition of fat in the liver. For a few body types, this condition can take a toxic turn and lead to liver inflammation further causing NAFLD. Those conditions are:-
- Overweight or obesity
- Insulin resistance, in which body cells don’t take up sugar in response to the hormone insulin
- High blood sugar
- High levels of fats in the blood especially Triglycerides
- High cholesterol
Stages of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
There are four stages to the development of NAFLD. Those are as follows:-
- Simple Fatty Liver (Steatosis) – deposition of fat in the liver cells which is harmless in the beginning.
- Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) – a severe form of NAFLD, at this stage the liver gets inflamed.
- Fibrosis – constant inflammation leads to scarring of liver tissue.
- Cirrhosis – The most severe stage. It occurs after years of inflammation. This damage is permanent and leads to liver failure and liver cancer in later stages.
Symptoms of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
Its symptoms usually come in the advanced stage of liver fibrosis.
- Pain or discomfort in the upper right abdomen
- Abdominal swelling
- Enlarged spleen
- Weight loss without any specific reason
- Swelling in lower limb
Complications of NAFLD
There are some complications that may occur-
- Esophageal Varices
- Hepatic encephalopathy
- Liver cancer
- Liver failure
Diagnosis of NAFLD
Various clinical manifestations which can confirm the disorder includes-
- Liver Function Test (LFT)
- Ultrasound scan
- Fibro scan
- Lipid profile
- CBC count
- CT Scan
Ayurvedic Aspect of NAFLD
In Ayurveda, NAFLD can be correlated with Yakṛt Roga (liver disease) and Medoroga (obesity). Several diseases come under Yakṛt Roga (liver disease) ranging from simple hepatic steatosis to hepatomegaly to liver cirrhosis. According to the Ayurveda spicy food and abhiṣyandī āhāra (food which blocks the channels) leads to Rakta-Kapha duṣṭi which may lead to Yakṛtodara. Obesity is one of the commonest metabolic disorders and is one of the oldest documented diseases. In Charaka Samhitā this condition is described as Sthaulya (obesity) and Medoroga. NAFLD is a metabolic disorder of hepatic origin. Therefore in its treatment emphasis is lead on normalizing liver functions and reduction of insulin resistance.
Ayurvedic Treatment of NAFLD By Planet Ayurveda (العلاج الايورفيدا من مرض الكبد الدهني غير الكحولي بواسطة الكوكب الأيورفيدا)
According to Ayurvedic principles, every ailment can be managed properly if we eliminate the root cause. This can be done by adapting the conventional and holistic methods of healing i.e. Ayurveda. Hence, for this Planet Ayurveda is offering herbal supplements for the Treatment of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
Some of the Herbal Supplements are-
- Phyllanthus Niruri
- Indian Echinacea Capsules
- Liver Detox Capsules
- Yakrit Plihantak Churna
1. Phyllanthus Niruri
Phyllanthus niruri is the safest and effective medicine against liver diseases and metabolic disorders. Its fresh root are effective in treating liver problems such as liver swelling, fibrosis, hepatitis, and jaundice. Due to its hepatoprotective actions, it protects the liver against oxidative stress. The herb helps in liver detoxification as well as nourishment due to its amazing Rasayana (rejuvenating) and Pitta balancing properties.
Dosage -It is advised to take its 2 capsules daily after meals with lukewarm water.
2. Indian Echinacea Capsules
Kalmegha also is known as Indian Echinacea is known for its hepatoprotective actions. Its main active ingredients are Kalmegh in and Andrographolide. They act as deepan and pachan agents (a digestive stimulant), hepatoprotection thereby enhancing the metabolism of the body. All this leads to better working of the liver.
Dosage – It is prescribed to take 2 capsules twice daily after meals with lukewarm water.
3. Liver Detox Capsules
The main ingredients of this capsule are katuki and Punarnava. Katuki is nature’s best cholagogue i.e. helps to increase the contractions of gallbladder thus brings out its secretions. This action helps in improving digestion, fat regulation, protein, and carbohydrate metabolism. It contains kutkin, kukoside and picroliv which are potential hepatoprotectant. It removes toxins from the colon and cools the system by balancing pitta. Punarnava which is an active ingredient rejuvenates the body and makes it as new, by removing toxicity from the blood and by initiating the reversal of damaged liver tissue thereby initiating its rejuvenation. Due to its laxative and purgative properties, it is widely used to treat liver disorders like fatty liver, ascites, and jaundice.
Dosage – It is prescribed to take 2 capsules after meals twice daily with lukewarm water.
4. Yakrit Plihantak Churna
Yakrit plihantak churna is an herbal powder formulation containing herbs like Phyllanthus niruri, Eclipta Alba, Picorrhiza kurro, Andrographis panniculata, etc. All the herbs that possess hepatoprotective and cholagogue properties are added in this, which gives tremendous results in improving the condition of non-alcoholic fatty liver by reducing the lipid content of the liver tissue. It is prescribed in the dosage of one teaspoonful twice daily after meals with lukewarm water.
How to Use – Boil the powder 1 teaspoonful in 400 ml water, keep it boiling until it remains 50 ml. Strain it and drink the water. Leave the residue. Do it twice daily. Make fresh every time.
Thus it is clear that NAFLD is a metabolic disorder of hepatic origin. In its Ayurvedic treatment emphasis is lead on normalizing the liver functions and reduction of insulin resistance. These are not habit forming drugs therefore it’s easy to tapper their dosage after the reversal of the disease. Ayurveda increases the quality of life without hampering any other organ with its side effects.