Management of Bernhardt-Roth Syndrome in Ayurveda

Abstract

In this article our main focus is on the meralgia paresthetica, a neurological ailment. It is a disorder that occurs due to nerve compression which might be due to our reckless behaviour or sometime due to the injury to underlying structures that will put pressure on the nerve. The tridosha theory (three principle energies of our body vata, pitta and kapha) of Ayurveda focuses primarily on treating the ailment by doing detailed analysis of the involved dosha and then we gave treatment to balance the vitiated dosha. So let’s start discussing that in detail

Introduction

This is a chronic neurological disorder that involves lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh, so also known as “lateral femoral cutaneous neuropathy” Another name of this disorder is “skinny pants syndrome” as there is a great hike in teenagers wearing skin adhesive trousers or tight trousers. It is also popularly known as “bernhardt-roth syndrome” after the name of two neurologists- Martin Bernhardt (a german neuropathologist and Vladimir Karlavich Roth (a russian neuropathologist). As per Ayurveda we can correlate this disease with “siragat vatavyadhi” as there is an involvement of a branch of the femoral nerve.

What is Meralgia Paresthetica

It is defined as a neurological condition in which there is presence of numbness or pain in the outer aspect of the thigh due to the injury to a nerve.

Causes

  • The most common cause of this is the compression of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve when it passes between upper portion of hip bone (ilium) and inguinal ligament (near anterior superior iliac spine, ASIS)
  • Less commonly it is due to the damage to nerve by underlying pathologies such as:
    • Trauma
    • Any neurological lesion
    • As a complication of diabetes, diabetic neuropathy
    • Stand on legs for a longer duration.
    • Extreme use of leg exercises.
    • Due to medical injury to the nerve during an operative procedure.

According to Ayurveda common cause of vata vyadhi known as “nidan” are mentioned in below listed shloka:

Classical Reference

(Charak chikitsa 28/15-17)

  • Due to intake of rough, cold, little and light food.
  • Excessive use of coitus
  • Sleep deprived
  • Faulty therapeutic management.
  • Elimination of impurities from the blood in excess amount.
  • Over fasting.
  • Emaciation due to anxiety, grief and illness.
  • Use of an uncomfortable seat and bed.
  • Anger
  • Sleep during the day.
  • Suppression of natural urges of urine and stool.
  • Injury to the vital organs.
  • Falling down from elephants, horses and other fast vehicles.

Due to the above mentioned causes, vayu gets aggravated and fills up the vacant channels in the body and produces various ailments pertaining to the entire body or one part of the body.

Clinical Features

It includes the signs and symptoms. A symptom means the general complaints along with patients present in front of the physician. Signs: It means what a physician notices himself by observing the patient’s condition. In this particular disease following below listed signs are noticed by a physician:

They are as follow:

  • Mild body ache
  • Emaciation
  • Pulsations in the body.
  • Numbness in the affected leg.
  • Constriction or stiffness in the leg.
  • Piercing types of pain in the leg.

Diagnosis

  • By proper history taking.
  • General physical examination focuses more on the pelvic examination.
  • Electromyography (EMG)- In this examination study of affected  nerve conduction is done.
  • Radiological examination:
    • X ray
    • CT scan
    • MRI

According to Ayurveda:

The two most preferred diagnostic procedures used by a physician are as follow:

Trividh pariksha (Group of 3 diagnostic procedures)

  •  Darshan- Diagnosis is made by visual examination of the symptoms.
  • Sparshan- Physician uses tactile examination to evaluate whether skin is cold/hot.
  •  Prashan- Physicians ask direct questions from the patient, to evaluate the root cause of the disease i.e. history taking.

Asthavidh pariksha (set of 8 examination procedure)

  • Nadi pariksha - By palpating the pulse rate of the patient.
  • Mutra pariksha - By examining the urine of the patient.
  • Mal pariksha- By stool examination.
  •  Jivha pariksha- By examining the tongue whether coated or not.
  •  Shabad pariksha- By listening to the natural sound within the body like intestinal sound (peristalsis) sounds of moving body fluids.
  • Sparsh pariksha-By observing the patient skin texture whether it is cool, wet or dry.
  • Drik pariksha- When a physician inspects patient symptoms through his/her eyes.
  • Akriti pariksha-When a physician evaluates the general appearance of a patient whether he/she looks dull, lethargic or fatigued etc.

Treatment

It depends on the severity of the condition: Firstly Focuses On The Preventive Aspects:

  • Try to remove the cause of compression of nerves by modifying patient behavior.
  • Advise patients to wear loose clothing.
  • In case of obesity- Weight loss should be encouraged.
  • Avoid harsh leg exercises.
  • Go for effective physical therapy such as stretching and massage.
  • Perform regular exercise to strengthen abdominal muscles.

Medication Therapy

  • Anti inflammatory drugs- Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) helps to relieve inflammation in the affected nerve.
  • Analgesics – to aid in pain associated with the nerve contraction.

According to Ayurveda

Ayurveda deals with such ailment by two most common treatment protocols. One is panchakarma therapy (detoxification procedures) and another is san shaman chikitsa in this oral medication is given to the patient to balance the vitiated three principle energies of our body (vata, pitta and kapha)

(A). Sanshodhan Chikitsa (detoxification procedure)- As meralgia paresthetica arises due to vitiated “vata dosha” so our treatment modality also focuses on balancing the aggravated vayu (vata dosha).

  • Sanehan- Smoothing the body dosha’s by using herbal ghrit/oil.
  • Svedan- Semi-hot medicated kwath is sprayed on the patient’s body by a specially made swedan yantra (instrument).
  • Basti (Enema) – It is the best procedure for balancing the vata dosha within the body. In this herbal kwath (decoction) is inserted into the anal route of the patient and it will take out the pacified vata dosha with the faecal matter.
  • Kati basti- in this a frame made with the help of udad dal flour and herbal oil is poured into this frame, keep it as it is for some time ideally for 45 minutes, change the oil with soaked cotton bandage and pour freshly lukewarm oil in it.

(B).Sanshaman Chikitsa: Classical san shaman chikitsa mentioned in our ancient text for vata vyadhi is as follow:

1. Rasa/ bhasma

  • Vata Chintamani rasa
  • Rasraj ras
  • Vatari rasa

Dosage: 125-250 mg with honey after meal.

2. Churna

  • Ashwagandha churna
  • Panchkol churna

Dosage: 2-5 gram with lukewarm water or honey after a meal.

3. Kawath

  • Maharasnadi kwath
  • Mashbalaadi kwath

Dosage: 20-40 ml with lukewarm water.

4. Tail for local application

  • Rason tail
  • Bala tail
  • Mahamash tail

Dosage – Apply lukewarm oil locally through gentle massage over the affected leg.

5. Guggul

  • Yograj guggul
  • Sihnaad guggul

Dosage: 500gram to 1 gram with plain water after meals.

6. Rasayana Yog

  • Brahm rasayana
  • Chyawanparash

Dosage: 5-10 gram with milk or water.

Herbal Remedies for Meralgia Paresthetica by Planet Ayurveda

Planet Ayurveda is a leading herbal manufacturing unit serving people worldwide with their holistic approach of healing. Their herbal products are made under the guidance of Ayurveda experts and are very effective in maintaining a healthy and sound body as they are completely pure and organic in nature free from harmful chemicals and preservatives. They offer various herbal formulations that works really well in meralgia paresthetica, some of them are as follow:

  1. Ashwagandha capsules
  2. Boswellia curcumin
  3. Vrihat vatchintamani ras
  4. Hakam churnaHerbal Remedies for Meralgia Paresthetica Buy Now

Products Description

1. Ashwagandha Capsules

This capsule contains pure and standardized extract of a very potent natural herb called ashwagandha (Withania somnifera).   It possesses ‘brahmaniya’ (bulk promoting property) that helps in increasing the body weight. It also has great antioxidant properties that will boost up the immune system and helps to develop strong immunity power to combat ailments like meralgia paresthetica.

Dosage: 1-2 capsules twice daily with plain water or milk after meals.

2. Boswellia curcumin

It possesses great anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties so helps in relieving pain and inflammation associated in meralgia paresthetica. It is also very good for your skin functioning which keeps the nervous system healthy & helps you to fight with ailment like meralgia paresthetica.It is an effective herbal combination of shallaki (Boswellia serrata) and haridra (Curcuma longa).

Dosage: 1 capsule twice daily with plain water after a meal.

3. Vrihat vatchintamani Ras

This herbal formulation helps in balancing the vata dosha level within the body as it contains bhasma of swarna (gold), rajat (silver), abhraka (mica), loha (iron) etc. The calx of these minerals works on the doshas level by their active principle so it works really well in vata vyadhi such as pain, tingling sensation and numbness and all these symptoms are common complaints of meralgia paresthetica patients.

Dosage: 1 tablet twice daily with plain water after a meal.

4. Hakam churna

This powdered herbal formulation helps in regulating healthy body metabolism that helps in digestion of food we intake. As the patient of meralgia paresthetica generally suffers from constipation this herbal powder works really well for them. It contains natural herbs such as kalonji (Nigella sativa), methi (Trigonella foenum-graecum), chandrashoor ( Lepidium Sativum) etc.

Dosage: 1 tsp. twice daily with plain water after meal.

Contact Planet Ayurveda to provide you the costing / ordering and delivery information at – costing.planetayurveda@gmail.com or call at +91-172-5214030 Or Check Website – www.PlanetAyurveda.com

Conclusion

Thus now we can conclude that Ayurveda has great results in meralgia paresthetica. If you are considering opting for ayurvedic treatment, consider planet ayurveda as your prime choice. Their herbal medications are completely pure and organic. You can directly visit us at our clinic located at Mohali punjab or can send your query on our official email id- herbalremedies123@yahoo.com.

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Dr. Vikram Chauhan
Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD-Ayurvedic Medicine) is an expert Ayurveda consultant in Chandigarh (India). He has vast experience of herbs and their applied uses. He has successfully treated numerous patients suffering from various ailments, throughout the world. He is CEO and Founder of Krishna Herbal Company and Planet Ayurveda in Chandigarh, India. He researched age old formulas from ancient Ayurvedic text books to restore health and save human beings from the worst side-effects of chemical-based treatments.