The act of eating is life-giving, food or fuel is necessary for all living beings or non-living beings. But the necessity is not just to eat food but at an accurate time, in accurate quantity and of good quality and the most important thing which we have to take care of is the above mentioned concepts are different for every living being. For digestion, our food particles have to progress through 25 feet or more from the intestines as a part of normal digestion process, this process is constant and always in motion. However, in the condition of Intestinal obstruction, this constant process ceases. It can be either functional or mechanical obstruction of the intestine. In this article we are going to explain pathophysiology, classification and ayurvedic management of bowel obstruction with herbs. We also have a brief look at Ayurvedic management of the condition and what can we do to prevent it from occurring.

Bowel Obstruction


Bowel obstruction directly means to blockage in intestines, can occur in small or large intestines and can be partial or total, it hampers the passage of fluids, food, or even gas and due to obstruction these all components start to build up behind the obstruction level. It may cause pressure against the intestinal walls, and may result in rupture that means harmful or destructive chemicals leaked out into the abdominal cavity. This will be a life threatening complication. Patients may show symptoms like pain, nausea, vomiting, absolute constipation and distention. Intestinal obstruction can be classified as partial, complete, strangulated obstruction. This condition varies in severity so it’s better to take consultation with a good Ayurvedic physician to find the root cause of the condition and get proper relief from serious health issues.


Bowel obstruction can vary depending upon nature of obstruction

  • Dynamic – here peristalsis occurs against the mechanical obstruction.
  • Adynamic – when there are no peristaltic movements or inadequate movements such as paralytic ileus.

Bowel obstruction also depends upon the blood supply

  • Simple obstruction – Where blood supply is not hampered.
  • Strangulated obstruction – Blood supply is seriously hampered.
  • Closed loop obstruction – In this both proximal and distal loops are blocked that leads to no progression nor regurgitation.

Bowel obstruction may depends on the basis of blockage

  • Complete blockage – When no food is passed through the intestine.
  • Partial blockage – Some kind of food or fluid still passing through the lumen.
  • Pseudo-obstruction – One may feel symptoms of intestinal obstruction but physically there is no obstruction that blocks the food movement this condition is termed as paralytic ileus.


Etiological factors can be divided into three wide categories

  • Factors growing from extraluminal causes such as adhesions, hernias (external like inguinal, femoral or umbilical hernias, internals like diaphragmatic hernias), intra abdominal abscess, neoplastic causes.
  • Congenital lesions to the intestinal wall like malrotation of intestine, cysts, midgut volvulus etc.
  • Inflammatory lesions like crohn’s disease, infection, tuberculosis, diverticulitis etc.
  • Traumatic things like hematoma etc.
  • Intraluminal obstructions like gallstones, bezoar, foreign body.
  • Impacted faeces


When the fluids as saliva, stomach, pancreatic, and intestinal secretion starts to collect just proximal to the obstruction, this accumulation of fluids results in inflammation along with growth of microorganisms or bacterias that leads to toxaemia. It may cause abdominal distension, severe dehydration, fluid and electrolyte imbalance. Due to this infection congestion may start around the obstruction which may hamper the blood supply of affected part results in impairment of venous return or arterial supply that ultimately leads to blackish discoloration, loss of peristalsis and gangrene. These increasing symptoms may lead to perforation of intestine and bacteria and toxins migrate into the peritoneum resulting in peritonitis, or on worsening the symptoms the patient may lead in septicemic shock and death.


Signs and symptoms are as follows

  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation
  • Central abdominal pain is a feature of small intestinal obstruction and peripheral abdominal pain is a feature of large intestinal obstruction.
  • Colicky pain lasts for 5-7 minutes and is intermittent.
  • If pain is continuous then it indicates strangulation.
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal distension
  • Constipation to absolute obstipation


  • Complete blood tests
  • Serum electrolytes
  • Barium meal x-ray


Your medical practitioner would decide the line of management for intestinal obstruction on the cause and severity of condition

Conservative Management

  • Resuscitation
  • Nasogastric aspiration
  • Correction of fluid and electrolyte deficits
  • Antibiotics

Surgical Management

  • Laparotomy

As per Ayurveda this condition can be correlated with badhgudodara, all doshas are aggravated in this condition. In the classical texts the treatment of this condition is advised to take shaali, saathi, jau, gehu everyday. Some herbal remedies have been prescribed by Planet Ayurveda to get relief from this disease.


Planet Ayurveda is a herbal manufacturing company that is GMP certified and our products are supplied all over the world that are 100% natural and do not cause any side effects along with they are free from colours, fillers or dyes. These formulations are purely herbal and easy to take by everyone. Articulations are provided to the patient according to their disease and their prakriti, these formulations that are of best quality with 100% efficacy.

  1. Avipattikar Churna
  2. Abhayarisht
  3. Kumari Saar
  4. Panchsakar Churna
Herbal Remedies For Bowel Obstruction By Planet Ayurveda



This is a classical herbal formulation mentioned in Classical texts consisting of Pippali (Piper longum), Amla (Emblica officinalis) etc. which is very great effective medication for digestive system and helps to keep the intestinal flora healthy and gives relief from pain in abdomen and obstruction in bowel.

Dosage : 1 teaspoonful twice daily.


This is a classical herbal formulation mentioned in classical Ayurvedic texts consists of Harad (Terminalia chebula) etc. which helps to balance all the doshas and have purgation effects that resolves the obstruction and gives relief to the patient in bowel obstruction.

Dosage : 10-20 ml twice a day after meals. Administration must be done after mixing in lukewarm water.


This is a single herbal formulation prepared by classical methods consisting of leaf extract of Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis) that is very helpful in infections and is very good purgative. This formulation gives relief to the patient by supporting his digestive system and relieves from pain, vomiting, and constipation.

Dosage : 3 tbsp. with equal amount of water twice daily.


This is a polyherbal formulation given by Planet Ayurveda consists of Shunthi (Zingiber officinalis) , saunf (Foeniculum vulgare), etc. this formulation gives proper relief from bloating, gas, or is anti-inflammatory or antibiotic in properties. It kills harmful bacterias growing in intestines and keeps the flora healthy.

Dosage : 1 teaspoonful twice daily.


Bowel obstruction is an occlusion that limits the passage of food through the bowels. If this obstruction is untreated, then it can also results in serious medical complications, although, if you consultate with a good Ayurvedic practitioner at proper time then you may get proper relief from the condition successfully.

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Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD - Ayurveda) is a Globally Renowned Ayurveda Physician with Expertise of more than 25 Years. He is the CEO & Founder of Planet Ayurveda Private Limited, a leading Ayurveda Brand, Manufacturing, and Export Company with a Chain of Clinics and Branches in the US, Europe, Africa, Southeast Asia, India, and other parts of the World. He is also an Ayurveda Author who has written Books on Ayurveda, translated into Many European Languages. One of his Books is "Ayurveda – God’s Manual for Healing". He is on a Mission to Spread Ayurveda All Over the Planet through all the Possible Mediums. With his Vast Experience in Herbs and their Applied Uses, he is successfully treating Numerous Patients suffering from Various Ailments with the help of the Purest Herbal Supplements, Diet, and Lifestyle, according to the Principles of Ayurveda. For More Details, visit